concept of learning
Supplementary material is available in the online version of this article at 10.1007/978-3-540-93956-6_6 and is accessible for authorized users.
Competence means being able to decide, act and learn adequately with respect to the functional and situative context.
Bruner, Goodnow, and Austin ( 1956 ) published their book A Study of Thinking, which became a landmark in psychology and would later have a major impact on machine learning. The experiments reported by Bruner, Goodnow, and Austin were directed toward understanding a human’s ability to categorize and how categories are learned.
The term concept learning is originated in psychology, where it refers to the human ability to learn categories for object and to recognize new instances of those categories. In machine learning, concept is more formally defined as “inferring a boolean-valued function from training examples of its inputs and outputs” (Mitchell, 1997 ).
Date Written: September 21, 2012
National Institute of Technology Karnataka (NITK), Surathkal
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concept learning A major topic in machine learning that addresses the problem of classifying a series of data instances as equivalent on the basis of some given properties. The idea is to locate clusters within sets of data, using methods of induction, so that the clusters define and distinguish salient features within the data. The clusters represent “concepts” and their descriptions define a class of data that fits a particular conceptual cluster.
CLEAR is a concept learning project in the field of education such as Education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC), Human Rights Education (HRE) and Intercultural Education (ICE). CLEAR aims to foster learning processes that develop attitudes, skills and knowledge in learners that allow them to actively take part in social and political affairs. This aim is expressed in the term “empowerment” that has been included in the title of the project. CLEAR strengthens individual reflection and encourages the capacity to cooperate with others – regardless of perceived or experienced “differences”.
(Participant, CLEAR learning activity).